KANALU - K38 COURSE DESCRIPTIONS
RESCUE WATER CRAFT TRAINING
KANALU- K38 USA - COURSE INFORMATION
Please refer to our Course Info Page for course Fees.
Upon successful course registration training documents will be sent and student enrollment will befulfilled.
How to Register Online
Please refer to our K38 Services and Course Descriptions Page.
For Open Water Courses Open Water - Rescue Water Craft Courses
For Swiftwater Open Enrollment: Swiftwater Course Forum (if avaialble due to seasonal conditions)
Note: Course registration once paid is 'NON-REFUNDABLE'. Be absolutely sure you are committed to the course and the course date upon payment.
Note: Course registration once paid is 'NON-REFUNDABLE'. Be absolutely sure you are committed to the course and the course date upon paymenK38 provides in partnership with recognized boating safety authorities a wide variety of acceptable and ethical educational standards. We support quality assurance offeringsolutions for the most current and best methods and practices using Rescue Water Craft for an ‘active ride’. K38 has a strong heritage of quality through service using Personal Water Craft as occupational maritime assets (RWC). The spectrum of water and weather applications encompass the following:
3. River (flood)
4. Natural disaster zones
5. Manmade Facilities
6. Special Event Use
7. Night Operations
Kanalu - K38 successfully created a safety culture and developed a professional boating community over several decades. Collectively with our student cadre we have saved lives in every type of waterway for the past 26 years through the inception and management of accredited certification training programs. K38 founded the Rescue Water Craft Association and the Wake of Fame Awards. Authorized K38 Affiliates operate in 9 respective countries.
Our USA partnership with Kanalu-K38 based in Hawai’i goals are to reduce or prevent the loss of life from boat accidents, drowning, injury, property loss or damage, environmental and marine impact through standards of education, equipment awareness, training and behavioral responsibility of operators and crew on a variety of waterway use.
Our clientele encompasses participants from 36 nations whom have enjoyed professional development in a variety of programs since 1989. With 25,375 hours of applied instruction reaching 1,824 agencies with a student cadre of 7,498 members to date in March of 2016. We have enjoyed a unique relationship with our partner industry leaders; BRP (Sea Doo), Kawasaki (Jet Ski) and Yamaha (Waverunners).
These OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturers) collective product lines have greatly assisted K38’s student cadre in revolutionizing lifesaving worldwide by providing water craft through their ‘Law Loan Program’ to public safety agencies through participating local dealerships.
Law Enforcement, Lifeguard, Harbor, Port Security, Customs, Border Patrol, Fire Rescue, Volunteer Search and Rescue, Military Special Waterborne Divisions (USMC,USN, USAF, USCG), Animal Rescue, Big Wave Surfing Events, Water Safety & Rescue Associations, PWC Competition Associations, PWC membership associations, non-profit organizations, tribal law enforcement, private companies, film and television industry, and special aquatic athletic events. Our clients are represented from Federal, State, Local, Tribal, County and Military backgrounds.
K38 is an International and Nationally Recognized course provider for RWC Certifying and Program Development since 1989. K38 Founder and Lead Instructor, Shawn Alladio is a recognized Subject Matter Expert along with partner Tom Stone of Kanalu.
Personal Water Craft are defined as a vessel 13 feet or less in length, propelled by gas engine or electric motor using a jet pump drive housing an impeller. Personal Water Craft are designed to be operated by a person sitting, standing, or kneeling on the vessel. PWC use is subject to all state, local and federal regulations governing the operation of powerboats of similar size.
In addition, there are special laws solely for the operation of personal watercraft within each State or area of operation, not limited to mandatory education or licensing per State Boating Law Administration rules and USCG Federal regulations. Occupational standards are derived from type specific use.
Refer to Recreational Definition - California Harbors and Navigation Code: 24.015-H&NC S651
There are 4 types of Personal Water Craft
1. STANDUP - 1 Person on board
2. SPORT- 1 to 2 Person(s) on board
3. SITDOWN - 1 to 3 Person(s) on board
4. SPORT UTILITY VESSEL (SUV) - 1-4 Person(s) on board
5. Occupational Duty Boat (ODB) Original Equipment Manufacturer RWC:
SAR – BRP Model 1 to 5 Person(s) on board
2014-2016 BRP (Bombardier Recreational Products) Search and Rescue (SAR): Features dual sponsons (Hypalon), heavy duty front bumper, hull coating, night navigation lighting and the highest weight load capacity offered.
Vessels may use an engine cut off switch (lanyard), and/or ignition key, or remote device. Or for older model PWC’s a self-circling pattern with no lanyard. Engine technology is either two stroke for older models pre 2003 (USA), or four stroke (Electric is currently not operational occupationally to weight load standards).
Naturally aspirated engine types are favorable to super charged or turbo charged, but does not apply as a general rule. Some Bombardier BRP models have brake/neutral/reverse capability, other OEM models have reverse capability or none at all. Many offer trim capable for helm adjustment or steering nozzle pitch. Idle speeds vary per manufacturer year of production and model as well as horsepower and pump/engine size. Fuel capacity and hull construction materials vary. Vessels may utilize cable throttle levers or sensors. Weight load capacities vary as well as fuel capacity, range and distance, and water conditions, including full operational speeds of craft.
For Occupational Use, the description of the vessel is referred to as ‘RESCUE WATER CRAFT’, using the acronym RWC. We encourage the use of naturally aspirated engine types for duty work vessels. For military use MRV, CCL or other may apply.
2016 Approved Rescue Water Craft
1. BRP (Bombardier Recreational Products) SAR
2. Kawasaki Ultra LX Series
3. Yamaha FX Series
Note: VX series for calm waters, not over 6’ height of water/surf
4. Bombardier GTX Series
5. Rescue Runner
Due to stability, weight to buoyancy factors, safe speed underway and water/weather conditions and thousands of hours and years of expertise K38 realizes the safe operations of RWC’s are dependent upon specialized equipment standards, training and use regulations that are not comparable to a recreational standard of use.
ETHICS IN EXPERTISE
K38 training methodology sustains and leads responsible safe operations and maintains the RWC’s and equipment functionality and capability of completing the work required.
These approved product lines are vetted and tested for field requirements with specified product by highly trained staff. Our field tests ensure implemented agency specific use in conjunction with environmental conditions provide safe operations underway. The considerations support risk management and mitigation to maintain efficiency and reduce liability issues underway as opposed by using ineffective equipment or the wrong PWC ‘type’ for the environment and response progression.
Oftentimes mishaps are faulted by misappropriated information or training techniques and a lack of effective program scrutiny. This places fault on the environment or equipment rather than program structure and maintenance. K38 strongly maintains and enforce sensibility of our operational capability and demands excellence from our RWC partners.
K38 Recommended Lifespan of Professional Use of RWC for Agency Consideration:
3 years, or 400-500 hours of heavy underway use with rescue board/weight loads, rescue board replaced as needed due to damage, age or improper attachment to RWC. Justification: Personal Water Craft were not inherently designed to be used in surf zone, riverine or excessive towing such as using a Rescue Board on the stern. When operations utilizing jet pump driven technology in aerated water conditions or wave/water height in excess of 4 feet, the normal operational lifespan of a PWC diminishes. Rescue board use increase these changes in hourly maintenance schedules due to offset of the hull configuration, drag and loss of normal turning and handling. Technical boat handling techniques must be mastered by RWC crew to assist in offsetting normal design functions. Refer to manufacture maintenance hours, handbook and owner’s manuals for agency make, model and year of production. If agency rescue board has a crease or any other visible or known damage, it must be destroyed and not recycled or resold due to liability of safe operations.
Rescue Board Standardization
Rescue Board Criteria: This guideline will serve as the best recommended construction assets regarding a rescue board. A rescue board is a towable device affixed to the stern top deck (transom) of a Personal Water Craft for the purpose of transport and delivery of personnel, survivors, victims, small sized livestock or pets, small craft, injured marine life or equipment.
Fixed Independent handles, each capable of 400 lbs. breaking strength on board from a dead lift by 4 persons in a ‘litter carry fashion’ using a minimum of 8 handles (2 forward, 3 port/3 starboard), must be able to maintain 300 lbs. of human body weight for lift and carry of 100’ (feet). No handle placement on the stern boarding section of the rescue board (to minimize entrapment-free egress). Handles not to exceed 5” in height, snap back effect (no wrist flexion resulting in handle movement) and no screws or pinions through the center of handle anchor points which could result in fraying or handle strength diminishment.
Three point anchor system, center, port and starboard; attached to stern cleat and vessel tie down stern cleats, below bond line (no added hardware recommended on towing vessel to void the manufacturer hull warranty). Capable of transporting 3 persons at a speed of 25mph in aerated water conditions with approved RWC. Use of rescue rated carabineers only for attachment to RWC or rated milspec tubular webbing, relying on rope system safety guidelines. Rescue Boards must be inspected during and after each use.
It is the student responsibility to come prepared to participate in the classroom with a notepad and pen. They will be taking notes and notes will be reviewed. Students need to maintain hydration and nutritional needs and personal protective equipment/thermal/sun/abrasion protection.
All Courses will have a pre-requisite for attendance:
1. NASBLA approved basic boater education certification or equivalent (International)
2. Students must be physically fit to take the course
3. Students must be able to lift 100 lbs. from level ground to a standing position
4. Students must have a swimming ability wearing an approved USCG (or equivalent) lifejacket (inflatable PFD’s are not permitted with the exception of specific military use)
NIGHT QUALIFICATION TRAINING
K38 has been teaching night qualification training (since 1993), creating night operations use for public safety agencies and special waterborne military divisions (since 1996) in all types of water and weather conditions.
Participating Students may need a waterproof handheld flashlight, spare batteries and a tether/attachment cord (removable) to helmet or lifejacket, waterproof strobe light (international distress signal). Colored chem lights will be used for safety operations. Training is between the hours from one-half hour after sunset to one-half hour before sunrise depending upon course requirements. Night Operations may be optional in course program per agency request of ‘Stage of Training’.
Course certifications are valid for a period of 3 years per National Safe Boating Council and National Association of State Boating Law Administrators certification approvals or country of origin.
Students can re-certify for triennial review with K38 to keep their RWC certification valid by contacting
The K38 way of training ensures that training curricula standardization and best practices regarding policies, qualification training and evaluation processes, the training documentation for crew members, boat operators for search and rescue, tactical boat operators, support staff and water safety RWC managers are maintained in a database for the purposes of quality control. All records are current to the latest standards and RWC knowledge base applied to the training Stages selected by clients.
K38 RWC courses meets and/or exceeds Industry Standards and NFPA 1670, 1006 or NASBLA boater education requirements for Rescue Water Craft Technical Boat Operations, utilizing 16 criterion standards of training.
K38 Public Safety Agency Student Requirement:
1. Public Safety Agency Assignment (Agency Administration Request)
2. Public Safety Employment Professional Development (Proof of employment required)
3. Host Agency-Command may have additional requirements that apply - TBA
Participant Minimum per Course: 6 (Six) unless provisions apply for custom course
Maximum Course Size: Varies per course request and location
STUDENT REQUIRED PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE)
The Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) required gear is to protect and/or assist reduction risk of exposure from wind chill, wind burn, abrasions, cuts (infections), sun burn, hypothermia and rash from contact with garments or rescue board/RWC. Students are responsible to provide positive maintained PPE that is functional, approved and in good working condition for the type of waterway and weather expected.
- USCG Properly sized, fitted and operational Lifejacket- 22 lbs. Minimum buoyancy, sufficient for ‘whitewater’: Riverine or Surf line usage (Type V style). (Swim Tether ‘O or D’ Rings removed if applicable), loose webbing tied off
- Water Whistle attached to Lifejacket with safe tether
- Hard Sole Water Work Boot above ankle style Velcro fastening closure (laces secure, must not come off feet from water drag)
- Eye Protection (interfaces properly with personal helmet while worn)
- Water Use Helmet-Properly fitted, sized and fully functional
- Full Body Protection: Full wetsuit/dry suit/pants. No ‘shorty’ type wetsuits allowed or board shorts. Long Sleeve Rash Guard (undergarments). Thermal layer according to conditions. Any wind breakers must be worn under Lifejackets, no touring coats worn over lifejackets role playing in water
- Full finger water gloves. Velcro back strap and wrist strap preferred (wakeboarding type). Pre curved fingers recommended
- Balaclava-(recommended) Used for wind chill, cold and heat retention, usually lycra/lined and provides coverage for full face with the exception of eyes
RWC Lanyards will be supplied to student cadre. If a course host is in need of helmets or lifejackets, accommodations can be made in advance per request.
To Purchase PPE items in USA please visit: www.Murrays.com
OPEN WATER – USA RESCUE WATER CRAFT COURSES
Pre-Requisite: NASBLA approved State PWC Operator Certification
8 Hours (4 hours online, plus study). Complete review of course materials, take online test. Upon successful completion supply a digital copy prior to course date via email for records/compliance
- 18 years of age, current valid Driver’s License (mentor courses may be 16)
- Complete Course Registration paperwork and payment verification process
- Must possess swimming ability, be in good physical condition and possess medical insurance coverage, provide required course PPE
- Capable of lifting 100 lbs.
- No prior injuries that would prevent student from operating a RWC or participating in role playing during training conditions
- No prescription medications that would prevent student from operating a motorized vessel/vehicle
- No smoking (cigarette/pipe/cigar/vaping/marijuana) in class environment
- Willingness to work with others and display effective communication skills
- Criterion Standard Skills apply as a baseline of 16 skillsets. Additional standards are covered in course stages. Depending upon the environmental factors, over 100 skill sets can be chosen from with a baseline of 16 criterion skills required for certification
- Timeframes adjust to logistics/environmental factors
- Lunch break daily. (Dinner break for Night Operations) Timelines vary
- Classroom/field instruction daily averaging about 50% of the class timeline
- 50% of the class timeline will be hands on RWC instruction
- Students will be working with a RWC, and an RWC with a Rescue Board (RB)
- Students will be role playing from Operator/Rescuer/Survivor(s) in skill sets
- Open Water Rescue Boat Course (Stages 2-5 Basic-Intermediate-Advanced)
- Course Marshal Course-Event Safety
- Operations Preventative Maintenance Course
- Disaster Management
- Tow-Surfing & Big Wave Safety Boat Course
- Night Operations (Open Water-Surf)
- Homeland Security-Port Security
- Personal Water Craft Race Training (competitor: all makes of PWC and class)
- Physically Challenged Training
- Other as Specified by Client Confidentiality
- Recreational Personal Water Craft Instruction and Certification
- Occupational Rescue Water Craft Instruction and Certification
- Equipment Design, Research and Development
- Film Industry Safety Support
- Guest Speaker-Subject Matter Expert (Shawn Alladio)
- Expert Witness (Shawn Alladio, Tom Stone, Ben Granata)
- International Rescue RWC Response Team
- Mentorship Program - Specifics of program participation and requirements apply (Private)
- Water Safety Support for Event Management
- Large Surf Boating Safety Support
- Personal Watercraft Event Support
- Triathlon-Swim Water Safety Support
- Boat Racing Safety Support
Background, references, resume supplied upon written request
Stage Course Fee is $325.00 USD per Stage (daily fee), per Student
Course reduction fee may apply for larger groups over 6+
Maintenance Course is $225.00 USD per Student
Custom Courses are priced according to the project design
Courses are broken into ‘stages’ that provide the best practices of educational proficiency.
- On-Water Training
- *Night Qualifications (Optional)
- Stages may cover operations for inland, river/flood or coastal waterways use
STAGES OF PROFESSIONAL RWC DEVELOPMENT
Stage I AWARENESS LEVEL
8-9 Hours total, 1 day
Stage II BASIC LEVEL
16 Hours total, 2 days
Stage III INTRODUCTION LEVEL
26-28 Hours total, 3 days + (*Night Operations), 3 days
Stage IV INTERMEDIATE LEVEL
36 Hours total, 4 days + (*Night Operations), 4 days
Stage V OPERATIONAL LEVEL
46 Hours total, 5 days
Stages VI-X see below
Note: Hours of training vary to logistical distance. Curriculum hours of attendance are maintained.
Safety Plan is in effect with all training modules
Stage 1 AWARENESS
Course Identification and Certification Number: K38-OWRWCC-1-16
Classroom full 8 hours or 4 Hours Classroom/4 Hours with RWC
Stage 2 BASIC
Course Identification and Certification Number: K38-OWRWCC-2-16
Stage 3 INTRODUCTION
Course Identification and Certification Number: K38-OWRWCC-3-16
Stage 4 INTERMEDIATE
Course Identification and Certification Number: K38-OWRWCC-5-16
Course Fee: $1,300.00 USD
Stage 5 OPERATIONAL
Course Identification and Certification Number: K38-OWRWCC-5-16
Course Fee: $1625.00 USD
Stage 6 SWIFTWATER/FLOOD – RESCUE WATER CRAFT COURSE
1. Swiftwater Level Technician I & II or equivalent
2. K38-OWRWCC-3-13. NASBLA approved Stated PWC Operator Certification
Course Identification and Certification Number: K38-SWFL-RWCC-1-16
Course Fee: $975.00 USD
Stage 7 K38 RWC MAINTENANCE COURSE
Course ID# K38-RWCMAINT-1-16
Course Fee: $225.00 USD
Stage 8 MILITARY TRAINING OR PROGRAM - PROJECT DEVELOPMENT
Price on Request
Stage 9 CUSTOM OR ELECTIVE COURSE
By Written Request
Course design specific to requestor need for in-service work and Area of Operation
Price on Request
Stage 10 - Subject Matter Expert
1.Review Agency Mish
2.Review Agency Program
Fee Varies by description of need
Instructors cover a range of qualifications in the boating safety community. K38 set the PWC standard for education and standardization that have influenced the international community and a variety of worldwide agency specific use and accreditation. Instructors may possess any of or all of the following instructional credentials:
- National Safe Boating Council Certified Instructor (NSBC)
- Peace Officer Standard of Training (P. O. S. T.)
- National Association of State Boating Law Administrator Instructor (NASBLA)
- K38 Lead Instructor or Adjunct Certified
- International affiliates operate under country of origin boating education standards/partnerships
Students will be evaluated on their skillsets through every phase of instruction of the assigned criterion skills. If a student fails any area of the training, they are permitted to reapply at no charge within a one year timeframe at the next available course. A student who has failed the class in progress may either be dismissed or allowed to observe the remainder of the training. This could be due to fatigue, injury or failure to perform, disruption of class, or for not showing up to training during the prescribed hours of operations.
BOATING EDUCATION STANDARDS
- K38 RWC courses ‘meet/exceed’ NFPA 1670 standards
- Meets or exceeds National Safe Boating Council (NSBC) Standards for PWC use
- Meets/exceeds National Association of State Boating Law Administrators (NASBLA) Boating Education Standards for PWC use
- NASBLA Model Act Standards for Personal Water Craft, Personal flotation Devices, State Boat Act, Use of Engine Cut-Off Switches, Safe Practices for Boat Towed Watersports
Upon Successful completion of Course Students may receive any or all of the following: (or Agency Administration)
1. Course Certification (Print/Digital copy)
2. Student Identification Card (plastic)
3. Student Course Completion Letter (digital)
4. Student Evaluation (digital)
5. Student ID # added to the Database for 3 years
6. K38 Operator Log (digital)
7. Embroidered Patch/Challenge Coin
COURSE REGISTRATION OR REQUEST
Open Enrollment courses for public participation are limited to a select few courses annually. K38 trains agencies for professional development for the marine unit. To request information on behalf of your department, agency or command please remit the following:
a. Agency Representative Contact Information
b. Agency Name
c. Type of Waterway
d. Amount of Personnel to be trained
e. Continuing education or program development
f. Potential dates for training request
g. Type of agency Water Craft (RWC) Make, Model and Year of Production
h. Current level(s) of expertise of participants
I. Current Certifications of boating safety education (if applicable)
j. Note Additional Needs
k. Course payment may be made via PayPal, credit card or check (terms and conditions apply)
- Late Registration fee applies for Open Enrollment courses after closing date if space is available.
* Secured Custom Course has a cancellation fee per contact outline
- Secured Course Enrollment Students will receive PDF course information
- Replacement Valid Certificate Fee: $30.00 USD
- Replacement Valid Identification Card Fee: $20.00 USD
- Select Mentor-Scholarships Awarded Annually
Certification specifies course content capabilities. The training programs listed above do not endorse a ‘Train the Trainer’ approval process. The certification Stage and Course Evaluation information reveal the level of experience attained during training. Recurring training and proficiency needs must be met by the student and their operational log book needs to be maintained for veracity and records as proof of capability for a period of 3 years until the expiration of certification.
CERTIFICATION DATABASE AND STUDENT VERIFICATION
If you have successfully completed a K38 Course from the year (and month of issue) of 2013 your certification is still valid. If not your certification is no longer acceptable for operational use, you must recertify to operate a RWC.
Our K38 student directory is confidential from public review. If an agency is in need of records of any employee/student who has successfully completed a K38 course; submit a written request for records with the name of the student, location, year and month of training from your agency/department or command. Please note that records are kept for 3 years only from date of issuance.
For agency hire background checks, please submit in writing on agency letterhead a request.
- www.NASBLA.org National Association of State Boating Law Administrators
- HARBORS AND NAVIGATION CODE SECTION 650-674 (California)
NIGHT OPERATIONS HNC
As of January 1, 2015, marine patrol officers, harbor patrol and other emergency personnel are allowed to operate PWCs during night time hours. See link for language. 2nd sentence in section D.
HARBORS AND NAVIGATION CODE - HNC
DIVISION 3. VESSELS [399 - 786]
(Division 3 enacted by Stats. 1937, Ch. 368.)
CHAPTER 5. Operation and Equipment of Vessels [650 - 774.4]
(Heading of Chapter 5 amended by Stats. 1970, Ch. 1428.)
ARTICLE 1. Operation and Equipment [650 - 674]
(Article 1 added by Stats. 1959, Ch. 1454.)
(a) A person operating a personal watercraft equipped by the manufacturer with a lanyard-type engine cutoff switch shall attach the lanyard to his or her person, clothing, or personal flotation device, as appropriate for the specific vessel.
(b) No person shall operate a personal watercraft equipped by the manufacturer with a self-circling device if the self-circling device or engine throttle has been altered in any way that would impede or prevent the self-circling device from operating in its intended manner.
(c) Every personal watercraft shall, at all times, be operated in a reasonable and prudent manner. Maneuvers that unreasonably or unnecessarily endanger life, limb, or property, including, but not limited to, jumping or attempting to jump the wake of another vessel within 100 feet of that other vessel, operating the personal watercraft toward any person or vessel in the water and turning sharply at close range so as to spray the vessel or person, or operating at a rate of speed and proximity to another vessel so that either operator is required to swerve at the last minute to avoid collision, is unsafe or reckless operation of a vessel.
(d) A person shall not operate a personal watercraft at any time between the hours from sunset to sunrise. This subdivision does not apply to marine patrol, harbor police, or emergency personnel in the performance of their duties.
(e) This section does not apply to a performer who is engaged in a professional exhibition or to a person who is participating in a regatta, race, marine parade, tournament, exhibition, or other event sanctioned by the United States Coast Guard or authorized by a permit issued by the local entity having jurisdiction over the area where the event is held.
(f) Any violation of this section is an infraction.
(Amended by Stats. 2014, Ch. 54, and Sec. 5. Effective January 1, 2015.)